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The Role of Gender In Micro and Small Enterprise Business Development in Indonesia: A Firm-Level Analysis

Published on May 27, 2019

In this study, we examine the role that gender plays in Indonesian micro and small enterprise (MSE) dynamics. The MSE business scene in Indonesia is characterized by a high degree of informality, often involving unpaid family workers and high percentages of other unpaid temporary workers. However, since MSEs are critical for lower-income groups to escape poverty, we acknowledge the important roles played by women who work in the MSE ecosystem in different capacities, such as business owners, employees, the family’s sole breadwinner, and an earner of income alongside other family members.